First stop on our journey into Africa – today we travelled into the majestic mountains of Lesotho, a landlocked country within the borders of South Africa.
We learned that Lesotho is unique, being the only nation in the world with all of its land situated more than 3,280 feet (one thousand meters) above sea level.
We talked about the traditional huts, which are constructed with walls and floors of mud and dung, with thatched roofs.
We studied the flag, and learned that the white is symbolic for peace ( khotso ), blue for rain ( pula ), and green for plenty ( nala ).
The conical hat depicted in the centre of the flag is that worn by both men and women. It is usually worn with the wool Basotho blanket, regardless of the season.
We learnt that the small, sturdy Sotho pony is to be seen everywhere in Lesotho, and is adept at negotiating the steep mountains.
Cattle represent wealth in Lesotho and the Basotho value cows above money – often motorists are forced to stop while a wandering cow completes its business.
A great number of Lesotho’s population work in the coal and gold mines in South Africa, and it is left to the young boys and older men to herd livestock and cultivate the land.
Next stop: Swaziland